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Home Products Manufacturers Ingredients Health Effects
Product Information
Product Name: Zerex DEX-Cool Antifreeze/Coolant
Form: liquid
Product Category: Auto Products » cooling system » Antifreeze
Auto Products » coolant » Engine
Auto Products » antifreeze/coolant » Cooling System
Customer Service: 859-357-7206
Date Verified: 2006-04-04
Date Entered: 2006-04-04
Related Items: Products with similar usage in this database
Manufacturer
Manufacturer: Valvoline Co., The
Div. of Ashland Inc.
Address: P.O. Box 14000
City: Lexington
State: KY
Zip Code: 40512
Telephone Number: 800-832-6825
Toll Free Number: 800-832-6825
Date Info Verified: 2013-05-11
Related Items: Products by this manufacturer
The following information (Health Effects, Handling/Disposal, and Ingredients) is taken from the product label and/or the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) prepared by the manufacturer. The National Library of Medicine does not test products nor does it evaluate information from the product label or the MSDS. (What is an MSDS?) (Complete MSDS for this product)
Health Effects
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Acute Health Effects: From MSDSHAZARDS IDENTIFICATIONPrimary Route(s) of Entry Inhalation, Skin absorption, Skin contact, Eye contact, Ingestion - Industrial products are not meant to be swallowed.Potential Health Effects Eye: Material is corrosive to eyes. May cause burns. Skin: Can cause skin burns and other permanent skin damage. The feeling of irritation or burning may be delayed following skin contact with 45% or 50% potassium hydroxide solutions. Contact with mist or dust may cause multiple small skin burns. Although rare, skin contact with ethylene glycol may cause allergic skin reaction (delayed skin rash which may be followed by blistering, scaling and other skin effects). Passage through the skin may add to toxic effects from breathing or swallowing. Swallowing: Swallowing this material may be harmful or fatal. Symptoms may include severe stomach and intestinal irritation, burns and tissue damage. Shock may occur. Liver, kidney and brain damage in humans has resulted from swallowing lethal or near-lethal amounts of ethylene glycol.Inhalation: Breathing of vapor or mist is possible. Breathing this material may be harmful or fatal. May cause severe irritation and burns to the nose, throat, and respiratory tract. Symptoms usually occur at air concentrations higher than the recommended exposure limits.Symptoms of ExposureSigns and symptoms of exposure to this material through breathing, swallowing, and/or passage of the material through the skin may include: stomach or intestinal upset (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) irritation (nose, throat, airways), cough, central nervous system excitation (giddiness, liveliness, light-headed feeling) followed by central nervous system depression (dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, fatigue, nausea, headache, unconsciousness) and other central nervous system effects, involuntary eye movement, pain in the abdomen and lower back, cyanosis (causes blue coloring of the skin and nails from lack of oxygen), lung edema (fluid buildup in the lung tissue), acute kidney failure (sudden slowing or stopping of urine production), kidney damage, liver damage, lung damage, convulsions, coma, and death.
Chronic Health Effects: From MSDS No information provided.
Carcinogenicity: Based on the available information, this material cannot be classified with regard to carcinogenicity. This material is not listed as a carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the National Toxicology Program, or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
First Aid: Eyes: If material gets into the eyes, immediately flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart. If symptoms develop as a result of vapor exposure, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air before flushing as recommended above. Seek immediate medical attention. Skin: Immediately flush skin with water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Seek immediate medical attention. Wash clothing before reuse and decontaminate or discard contaminated shoes. Remove contaminated clothing. Wash exposed area with soap and water. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. Launder clothing before reuse. Swallowing: Seek immediate medical attention. Do not induce vomiting. Vomiting will cause further damage to the mouth and throat. If individual is conscious and alert, immediately rinse mouth with water and give milk or water to drink. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.Inhalation: If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Seek immediate medical attention; keep person warm and quiet. If person is not breathing, begin artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. Note to Physicians This product contains ethylene glycol. Ethanol decreases the metabolism of ethylene glycol to toxic metabolites. Ethanol should be administered as soon as possible in cases of severe poisoning since the elimination half-life of ethylene glycol is 3 hours. If medical care will be delayed several hours, give the patient three to four 1-ounce oral shots of 86-proof or higher whiskey before or during transport to the hospital. Fomepizole (4-methylpyrazole) is an effective antagonist of alcohol dehydrogenase
Health Rating: 3
Flammability Rating: 1
Reactivity Rating: 0
HMIS Rating Scale: 0 = Minimal; 1 = Slight; 2 = Moderate; 3 = Serious; 4 = Severe; 
N = No information provided by manufacturer; * = Chronic Health Hazard
MSDS Verified Date: 2006-04-04
MSDS Date: 2002-01-14
Handling/Disposal
Handling: Containers of this material may be hazardous when emptied. Since emptied containers retain product residues (vapor, liquid, and/or solid), all hazard precautions given in the data sheet must be observed. All five gallon pails and larger metal containers including tank cars and tank trucks should be grounded and/or bonded when material is transferred. Warning. Sudden release of hot organic chemical vapors or mists from process equipment operating at elevated temperature and pressure, or sudden ingress of air into vacuum equipment, may result in ignitions without the presence of obvious ignition sources. Published ***autoignition*** or ***ignition*** temperature values cannot be treated as safe operating temperatures in chemical processes without analysis of the actual process conditions. Any use of this product in elevated temperature processes should be thoroughly evaluated to establish and maintain safe operating conditions.
Disposal: Dispose of in accordance with all applicable local, state and federal regulations.
Ingredients from MSDS/Label
ChemicalCAS No / Unique IDPercent
Ethylene glycol000107-21-189
Diethylene glycol000111-46-61.0-10.0
2-Ethylhexanoic acid000149-57-51.0-8.0
Potassium hydroxide001310-58-31.0-6.0
(Complete MSDS for this product)
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